Biography of Maria Montessori












“One test of the correctness of educational
                                               procedure is the happiness of the child.”

                                                                                        Maria Montessori




Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870. She is the first woman to qualify in Italy as a doctor of medicine.

She represents her country in feminists congress and denounces children’s work.

She studies and translate works of to french doctors: Itard (The wild boy of Aveyron) and Seguin.

In january 6th took place the inauguration of the Casa dei Bambini (Children’s house) in a building located in the worst slum district of Rome, San Lorenzo.

During one year, many other Children’s houses opened their doors in Italy and Maria Montessori is led to form educators for this new education.

In 1917, year of the great Universal Exposition, Maria Montessori is invited in the United States to make conferences.

Because of the expansion of fascism, she leaves Italy in 1934 to go to Spain where Civil War begins. She takes refuge in England and then in Holland.

During the beginning of the World War she goes to Indies where she will be forced to stay as a citizen of an enemy country. She will stay there during the whole war, will form educators and meet Gandhi, Nerhu and Tagore.

Maria Montessori died in Holland in may 6th 1952, after a lifetime devoted to the study of child development.